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YOUTHS AND HARD DRUGS

YOUTHS AND HARD DRUGS

Youths being the life wire of every organisation starting from the family, down to the society can turn out to be a lost city if the use of hard drugs is not tackle due to the level youths are consuming hard drugs in the society.

Dangers in the use of Hard Drugs

Hard drugs are now being replace(d) with life, whereby youths place more value on hard drugs than life. the present problem we are facing in our society is being triggered day by day due to 100% active drug life being practiced by our youths.

Globally, tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of premature death and most adult smokers initiate smoking in youths. Smoking rates are generally highest in Europe and the Western Pacific regions. while cigarette smoking is decreasing among younger youths in most high-income countries (HICs) and in some low- and middle-income countries.

Approximately 4% of the global burden of disease is attributable to alcohol use. Alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults are increasing globally; however, it is decreasing in most HICs in Europe and North America.

Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region and WHO Region of the Americas report the highest proportions of drinkers among youths while the WHO South-East Asia Region and WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region have the lowest. In general, men drink more alcohol than women, but the sex difference is smaller at a younger age.

youths and drugs

Efforts should be concerted on early identification, awareness and prevention programs, and routine monitoring of youths health data. Given the prevailing burden and impact of substance abuse in children and youth, it is essential that effective interventions and delivery platforms on enhancing social skills, problem-solving skills, and self-confidence are identified and implemented.

Standardized screening tools for identifying youths at high risk are available and outlined in the American Academy of Pediatrics and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publications. School-based surveys of youths monitor a number of these health-related behaviors among youths at the country level.

youths and hard drugs

NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF HARD DRUGS:

1.Financial Problems:

Drugs and alcohol are expensive, especially when you’re using a lot and constantly. Substance abuse also impacts your productivity and success at work and in school. The time spent searching for, using and recuperating from drugs can be better spent learning new skills to advance your career.

The legal issues tied to drug use will increase your bills as well. Your car and health insurance rates may increase and you will have to find a way to pay for arrest warrants, DUIs, and legal counsel.

2. Injuries and Death:

If you use drugs and alcohol, you’re more likely to experience physical injury or be involved in car accidents. Even worse, you also have an increased risk of death through both suicide and homicide.

These drug-related deaths of the youths are on the rise, doubling since the early 1980s. Alcohol specifically results in 5.2 million accidental injuries and 1.8 million deaths each year. It’s estimated that 1 out of every 4 deaths is caused by drugs and alcohol, according to the World Health Organization.

3.Brain Chemistry:

The human brain is the most complex organ in the human body. Although it may weigh less than 3 pounds, it somewhat mysteriously controls both your thoughts and the physiological processes that keep you alive. Drugs and alcohol change the way you feel by altering the chemicals that keep your brain working smoothly.

Let’s get into the science of things. When you first use drugs, your brain releases a chemical called dopamine that makes you feel euphoric and want more of the drug. After all, it’s only natural to want more of the thing that makes you feel good right?

Over time, your mind gets so use(d) to the extra dopamine that you can’t function normally without it. Everything about you will begin to change, including your personality, memory, and bodily processes that you might currently take for granted.

4.Health Complications:

Drug and alcohol use impacts nearly every part of your body from your heart to your bowels. Substance abuse can lead to abnormal heart rates and heart attacks, and injecting drugs can result in collapsed veins and infections in your heart valves.

Some drugs can also stop your bones from growing properly, while others result in severe muscle cramping and general weakness. Using drugs over a long period of time will also eventually damage your kidneys and your liver.

5.Infections:

When you are under the influence of drugs or alcohol, you may forget to engage in safe sex practices. Having unprotected sex increases your chances of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Sharing the needles used to inject certain drugs can give you diseases like hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV. You can also spread common colds, the flu, and mono from sharing pipes and bongs.

6.Legal Consequences:

Drug and alcohol abuse not only has negative effects on your health but can also have legal consequences that you’ll have to deal with for the rest of your life.

Many employers require that you take a drug test before offering you a job—many of them even conduct random drug tests even after you become an employee. Refusing to give up drugs could end up making you unemployed, which comes with even more issues.

Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol can lead to a suspended driver’s license, usually for 6 months to 2 years. You’ll also need to pay heavy fines and may even spend some time in jail.

POSSIBLE INTERVENTION:

1.HIGH TARIFF ON HARD DRUGS:

As a means of coping the excessive use of hard drugs government should place a high tax on hard drugs so as to reduce its consumption to the barest minimum and as such divert the love our youths have for it.

2.ORIENTATION:

Due to lack of awareness by the people of the dangerous effects of hard drugs youths still see it appealing to consume those harmful drugs but when they orientated and they see the effects with their own eyes they will have no option to think differently in the life they are living.
government should conduct such orientation in school,higher level of learning,market places and in an open air.

3.THE LAW:

Government should as a matter urgency adopt a jungle justice pattern in punishing defaulters such as life imprisonment,execution,hanging etc…

We found one review that evaluated restriction or banning of alcohol advertising via any format including advertising in the press, on the television, radio, Internet, billboards, social media, or product placement in films. The review found lack of robust evidence for or against recommending the implementation of alcohol advertising restrictions.

Advertising restrictions should be implement(ed) within a high-quality, well-monitor(ed) research program to ensure the evaluation over time of all relevant outcomes in order to build the evidence base.

4.Family/community-based interventions:

We found one review evaluating the impact of universal family-based prevention programs (including any form of supporting the development of parenting skills including parental support, nurturing behaviors, establishing clear boundaries or rules, and parental monitoring) in preventing alcohol misuse in school-aged adolescents.

Most of the trials in the included review have shown some evidence of effectiveness, with persistence of effects over the medium and longer term.

The review concluded that the effects of family-based prevention interventions are small but generally consistent and also persistent over the medium to long term.

5.School-based interventions:

We found four systematic reviews evaluating the impact of school-based interventions targeting substance abuse among youths . Interventions that promote a positive school ethos and reduce student disaffection, may be an effective complement to drug prevention interventions addressing individual knowledge, skills, and peer norms..

The most effective primary prevention programs for reducing marijuana and alcohol use among adolescents aged 10–25 years in the long term are comprehensive programs that included anti-drug information combined with refusal skills, self-management skills, and social skills training.

6.Individual-targeted interventions:

We report findings from three systematic reviews evaluating individual-targeted interventions for substance abuse among adolescents; these included mentoring, counseling, or psychotherapy.

Review evaluating mentoring limits evidence to conclude that the intervention is effective. The review evaluating counseling and psychotherapy to treat alcohol and other drug use problems in school-aged youth suggested that the effects of counseling and psychotherapy for drug abuse are consistently significant at termination, but follow-up effects yielded inconsistent results.

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